What is Pelvic Floor Physiotherapy?

In recent years, there has been a growing awareness of the importance of pelvic health and the role it plays in overall well-being. Pelvic floor physiotherapy has emerged as a specialized field that focuses on addressing various conditions related to the pelvic floor muscles. From pelvic pain and urinary incontinence to postpartum recovery and sexual dysfunction, pelvic floor physiotherapy offers a holistic and effective approach to improving pelvic health. This blog aims to delve into the intricacies of pelvic floor physiotherapy, exploring its benefits, techniques, and the conditions it can help treat.

Understanding the Pelvic Floor

Before delving into pelvic floor physiotherapy, it is crucial to understand the pelvic floor itself. The pelvic floor refers to a group of muscles, ligaments, and connective tissues that form a hammock-like structure at the base of the pelvis. It provides support to the organs in the pelvic region, including the bladder, uterus, and rectum. These muscles play a crucial role in controlling bladder and bowel function, sexual function, and stability of the pelvic organs.

What is Pelvic Floor Physiotherapy?

 Pelvic floor physiotherapy, also known as pelvic rehabilitation or pelvic floor muscle training, is a specialized form of physiotherapy that focuses on assessing, diagnosing, and treating conditions related to the pelvic floor. It involves the use of various techniques and exercises to restore strength, flexibility, and coordination to the pelvic floor muscles. Pelvic floor physiotherapists are healthcare professionals with specialized training in this field, equipped to provide personalized care for individuals experiencing pelvic floor dysfunction.

Conditions Treated by Pelvic Floor Physiotherapy

Pelvic floor physiotherapy can be beneficial for both men and women, as pelvic floor dysfunction can affect individuals of all genders and ages. Some common conditions that can be addressed through pelvic floor physiotherapy include:

  1. Urinary Incontinence: Pelvic floor exercises and techniques can help strengthen the muscles responsible for controlling bladder function, reducing or eliminating urine leakage.

  2. Pelvic Pain: Pelvic floor dysfunction can manifest as chronic pelvic pain, which can be caused by factors such as muscle tension, scar tissue, or nerve irritation. Pelvic floor physiotherapy aims to alleviate pain and improve muscle function.

  3. Pregnancy and Postpartum Recovery: Pelvic floor physiotherapy plays a crucial role in preparing the pelvic floor for childbirth and aiding in postpartum recovery. It can address issues such as diastasis recti, perineal tears, and pelvic organ prolapse.

  4. Pelvic Organ Prolapse: Pelvic floor weakness can result in the descent of pelvic organs, leading to discomfort and other symptoms. Pelvic floor physiotherapy can help strengthen the muscles to provide support and alleviate symptoms.

  5. Sexual Dysfunction: Pelvic floor physiotherapy can address sexual dysfunctions, such as pain during intercourse (dyspareunia) or difficulty achieving orgasm. It focuses on restoring muscle tone, flexibility, and blood flow to the pelvic region.

Pelvic Floor Physiotherapy Techniques

A qualified pelvic floor physiotherapist employs various techniques based on an individual’s specific condition and needs. Some common techniques include:

  1. Kegel Exercises: These exercises involve the contraction and relaxation of pelvic floor muscles to strengthen and improve muscle control.

  2. Biofeedback: This technique uses specialized equipment to provide visual or auditory feedback to the individual, helping them learn to control and coordinate their pelvic floor muscles effectively.

  3. Manual Therapy: Hands-on techniques such as massage, myofascial release, and trigger point therapy can be used to release tension and restore muscle function.

  4. Electrical Stimulation: In some cases, electrical stimulation may be used to enhance muscle contractions and improve coordination.

  5. Behavioral and Lifestyle Modifications: Pelvic floor physiotherapists may also provide guidance on lifestyle modifications, such as fluid intake, diet, and bladder/bowel habits, to support overall pelvic health.

Benefits of Pelvic Floor Physiotherapy

Pelvic floor physiotherapy offers a range of benefits, including:

  1. Improved bladder and bowel control

  2. Alleviation of pelvic pain

  3. Enhanced postpartum recovery

  4. Increased sexual function and satisfaction

  5. Prevention or reduction of pelvic organ prolapse

  6. Enhanced overall pelvic health and well-being


Pelvic floor physiotherapy is a specialized form of physiotherapy that focuses on assessing, diagnosing, and treating conditions related to the pelvic floor. By employing various techniques, exercises, and lifestyle modifications, pelvic floor physiotherapists aim to restore balance, strength, and functionality to the pelvic floor muscles. Whether it’s addressing urinary incontinence, pelvic pain, or postpartum recovery, pelvic floor physiotherapy offers a comprehensive approach to promoting pelvic health and overall wellness. If you’re experiencing any pelvic floor-related concerns, consulting a qualified pelvic floor physiotherapist can be a crucial step towards improving your quality of life.

Are you suffering from pain? In Step Physical Therapy can help you get back to your active life. Call us today to schedule a consultation.